Turkey is a country with a rich history and culture, and a diverse natural beauty. It is home to some of the most iconic monuments and attractions in the world. Here are some of the most famous landmarks in Turkey that you should not miss if you are planning to visit this amazing country.
- Hagia Sophia (Istanbul) (Santa Sofía): Hagia Sophia is a former church, mosque and museum that is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was built in the 6th century by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I and is considered one of the most impressive examples of Byzantine architecture. It has a huge dome, mosaics, marble columns and minarets.
- The Blue Mosque (Istanbul) (La Mezquita Azul): The Blue Mosque, also known as Sultan Ahmed Mosque, is a stunning mosque that was built in the 17th century by Sultan Ahmed I. It is named after the blue tiles that decorate its interior walls. It has six minarets, a courtyard, a fountain and a prayer hall.
- Topkapi Palace (Istanbul) (Palacio de Topkapi): Topkapi Palace was the residence and administrative center of the Ottoman sultans for four centuries. It is a complex of buildings, gardens, pavilions and museums that showcase the Ottoman art, culture and history. It has many treasures, such as the holy relics of Prophet Muhammad, the imperial jewels and the famous Topkapi Dagger.
- Grand Bazaar (Istanbul) (Gran Bazar): Grand Bazaar is one of the oldest and largest covered markets in the world. It has more than 4000 shops, stalls and workshops that sell everything from carpets, jewelry, spices, antiques and souvenirs. It is a labyrinth of colorful alleys, domes and arches that offer a unique shopping experience.
- Pamukkale (Denizli) (Pamukkale): Pamukkale, meaning «cotton castle» in Turkish, is a natural wonder that consists of white terraces of travertine filled with mineral-rich water. It is formed by the hot springs that flow from the nearby mountains. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site that includes the ancient city of Hierapolis, which has ruins of temples, baths and tombs.
- Ephesus (Izmir) (Éfeso): Ephesus is one of the best-preserved ancient cities in the world. It was once a thriving metropolis that was home to more than 250,000 people. It was also an important center of trade, culture and religion in the Roman and Byzantine periods. It has many remarkable monuments, such as the Library of Celsus, the Temple of Artemis, the Theatre and the House of Virgin Mary.
- Cappadocia (Nevsehir) (Capadocia): Cappadocia is a magical landscape of fairy chimneys, rock formations, valleys and caves that were created by volcanic eruptions and erosion over millions of years. It is also famous for its hot air balloon rides that offer a breathtaking view of the scenery. It has many historical and cultural attractions, such as the underground cities, cave churches and monasteries.
- Mount Nemrut (Adiyaman) (Monte Nemrut): Mount Nemrut is a mountain that rises to 2,134 meters above sea level. It is known for its colossal statues of gods, kings and animals that were erected by King Antiochus I in the 1st century BC as part of his royal sanctuary. The statues are now scattered around the summit due to earthquakes and vandalism.
- Sumela Monastery (Trabzon) (Monasterio de Sumela): Sumela Monastery is a Greek Orthodox monastery that was founded in the 4th century by two monks who followed a divine vision. It is perched on a steep cliff at an altitude of 1,200 meters in the Altindere National Park. It has a church, a library, a refectory and living quarters that are decorated with frescoes and icons.
- Troy (Canakkale) (Troya): Troy is an ancient city that was the setting of the legendary Trojan War described in Homer’s Iliad. It was inhabited for more than 4,000 years by various civilizations until it was destroyed by an earthquake in the 5th century AD. It has been excavated since the 19th century and has revealed many layers of history and culture. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site that has a replica of the famous Trojan Horse.
We hope this Turkey Travel Guide has given you some useful information and inspiration for your trip planning. Don’t forget to follow us on social media and share the most famous attractions in Turkey with your friends and family.